The Scientific method 1100 Words 4 Pages Cross-cultural psychology Cultural psychology concerns itself with the significant links or connections that there are between the psychology of individuals within a culture and their psychology. What have you learned in terms of what is a part of all research, even action research? Both: i are concerned about data reduction; ii want to respond to research questions; iii seek to relate data analysis to research already published; iv are concerned with the variation; v treat frequencies as a springboard for analysis; vi seek to ensure that deliberate distortions do not occur; vii argue for the importance of transparency; viii address the issue of error; ix are concerned that research methodologies should be appropriate to research questions. Mixed methods The reality of quantitative and qualitative research is that most studies are mixed. However, both camps have a number of research designs at their disposal Figure 2. Nature Holistic Particularistic Approach Subjective Objective Research type Exploratory Conclusive Reasoning Inductive Deductive Sampling Purposive Random Data Verbal Measurable Inquiry Process-oriented Result-oriented Hypothesis Generated Tested Elements of analysis Words, pictures and objects Numerical data Objective To explore and discover ideas used in the ongoing processes.
There are, of course, a multitude of definitions for what is realism and idealism. Survey, questionnaires and measurements using various tools are common in quantitative research. Hence, it is used to describe the object or the person as the case may be. In qualitative research there is a focused on the quality of the work the questioning as to why things happen. Researcher tends to become subjectively immersed in the subject matter.
It examines the breadth and depth of phenomena to learn more about them. This highlights that the words qualitative and quantitative describe the contrasting attributes of an object or even a person. Where quantitative research has learned from qualitative research is that these things are present and need to be accounted for in the way research is conducted. Participants Are Necessary For both types of research, raw data is required, usually in the form of survey participants. This highlights the nature of quantitative. So why should there be a limit to our understanding based on to one type of reasoning over the other? This essay in meeting the assignment requirement of the B. These can be summarized by first deciding on the source of material, the nature of the material required, the professional authors whose materials are to be sourced, and eventually finding what is needed for the project.
Qualitative and quantitative research can stand on its own merits, but also, and often, they can work in tandem to help with the research process. Quantitative vs Qualitative Quantitative and Qualitative are two terms between which a variety of differences can be identified. To examine cause and effect relationship between variables. Quantitative is something that can only be measured but cannot be experienced. Qualitative data is more 'rich', time consuming, and less able to be generalized. Findings are not conclusive and cannot be used to make generalizations about the population of interest.
They are both very good forms of research the main difference is the method in which the research is carried. In the qualitative camp the research is said to be context dependent, societal and cultural values are present and explicitly stated, and the researcher is involved in the process. Such a platform forms the premise of the considerable number of phases of research. Recommended during latter phases of research projects. First, both researchers start their quest by having a purpose in mind before beginning.
The qualitative camp state that data collected can only describe the situation as it is and that no theories can be developed. A quantity is something that can be counted or measured. Quantitative research can use questionnaire to collect data through open ended questions. A few differences are noted in the definitions. Definitions of Quantitative and Qualitative: Quantitative: Quantitative has a lot to do with the quantity of an object or a person. In the quantitative camp, research is supposed to be conducted independent of context, be free of societal or cultural values, and the researcher is detached from, or not involved, in the process.
Social Research Methods 4th ed. Qualitative research is not easily repeatable as it deals with inductive data that cannot be directly used in comparison with data obtained with qualitative studies covered at a later time. For the quantitative researcher their involvement is notionally suspended as the data is collected, i. The difference is in how involved he is. Examples of this include surveys where people put their impression of something on a 1 to 5 scale; while the impressions are qualitative, they are expressed in a quantitative way. Quantitative Research Design:Measured and express in terms of quantity.
Qualitative research relies more on small groups to gather data due to the methods it uses to gather data. The literature review is also important in that it gives credibility to the research process as a whole. This is done using in-text citations, also referred to as parenthetical citations, and the use of a reference or work cited page Szuchman, 2002. Positivism and paradigm dominance in consumer research: Toward critical pluralism and rapprochement. The results show that career identity and career decision-making self-efficacy both have negative direct effects on job-seeking stress and positive indirect effects on career maturity.